Homoeopathy was discovered by a German Physician, Dr. Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), in the late eighteenth century. Homoeopathy is based on the principle, "Similia Similibus Curentur" or 'let likes be treated by likes'. Homoeopathic medicines are prescribed on the basis of totality of symptoms formed from the derangements at the mental and physical level. This holistic approach not only triggers body's natural defense mechanism to fight the disease but also cures the patient without any side effects. Homoeopathy treats the patient and not the disease. Homoeopathy has been useful in the treatment of various acute as well as chronic diseases like psychosomatic disorders, autoimmune diseases, geriatric and pediatric disorders, ailments during pregnancy, obstinate skin diseases, life style disorders and allergies, etc. It also has a positive role in improving the quality of life in incurable chronic diseases like cancer, HIV/AIDS, terminally ill patients and incapacitating diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, etc. The Government of India facilitated the spread and development of Homoeopathy by recognizing and integrating it into healthcare delivery. Homoeopathy in India is recognized and officially integrated in the delivery of healthcare services. The Government of India has made sustained efforts for growth and development of Homoeopathy along with the traditional medical systems, i.e., Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Homoeopathy has grown as a National System of Medicine and enjoys Government's support at national and state levels. There is a vast infrastructure of hospitals, dispensaries, research institutions, medical colleges, registered medical practitioners and reputed pharmacies all over India. Thus, India has become the world leader in Homoeopathy with tremendous potential of manpower and institutions.