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Immunity Boosting Diet & Healthy lifestyle

Immunity is a complex and redundant system that requires all nutrients for proper functioning. One of the factors that affect natural resistance is nutrition.

Role of proper nutriment’s in immune system functions can’t be undermined, however seemingly healthy our nourishment is. The dietary factors that cause harm to immunity functions are either deficient intake of macronutrient \elements (fat, carbohydrate and protein) or deficiency in some specific micronutrient elements (vitamin, mineral and water).

Balanced nutrition, especially inadequate protein intake vitamin and mineral enhance the resistance against infections. It is essential to have adequate and balanced nutrition for healthy growth and developments.

Every individual should have an adequate and balanced diet with a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals in order to have a functional immune system. Micronutrients have the properties to help the body in fighting against a variety of illnesses and protect the body from damage to cells. Many foods contain micronutrients that promote, enhance and regulate the immune system.
Some nutritional elements, such as complex carbohydrates, proteins, functional foods, prebiotics, probiotics, antioxidants, iron, copper, selenium, and zinc have special benefits on immunity functions.
It has been proved that fresh fish, fruits, dark green leafy and other vegetables, cinnamon, nuts,mushrooms, garlic, black pepper, ginger, honey, herbal teas, omega 3 fatty acids (plentifully available in salmon, mackerel flaxseed, legumes, and walnuts.) yogurt and seaweed , stimulate the T-cells and other immune cells.

Provision of these nutritional elements through natural foods will prevent a person from the side effects of overuse.

Weight-loss programs, in which less than 1200 kilocalorie foods are consumed effect the immunity functions, for this reason, these extremely unhealthy so-called fast weight-loss diets should be avoided.

A healthy immune system lets us feel well, look well and let us use our energy more efficiently.

Remaining away from the stressful factors, approaching life and events positively, keeping away from smoking and drinking, adequate and balanced nutrition and regular exercising are among the supports we can give to our immune system. However, sometimes, these supports become insufficient and we may need some strengthening outsourcing for our immune system.

This support should be preferred through natural nutrients rather than medications. For a proper nourishment program, it is advised to seek professional help from a dietician/nutritionist.

It’s vital to have a balanced diet for strengthening the immune system and reduce the risks of catching infections. Consequently, in order to boost the immune system, reduce the risks of diseases and stay healthy, natural defence system of our organism should be strengthened as detailed above.

Dr Akanksha Yadav
HOD
Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, FAHS

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Stewardship Towards Environmental Sustainability

Environmental Sustainability and Capacity Building are two irreversible and major thrust areas for Education system throughout the world. Role of Universities in education is instrumental in the sustainability movement and higher education has made many valuable contributions to society and development, and is recognized for the important role it has in improving livelihoods worldwide with a key component of sustainable development. Now, environmental education has been identified as an asset for sustainable development as it has been shown to aid in development aspects later in life and also positively influence the management of the world’s increasingly stressed natural resources through the incorporation of successful techniques.

As there has been a major disconnect between raising awareness about the environment and taking action to reduce environmental degradation, higher education has to play a major role to fill the gap by providing quality education and research which is vital if conservation and sustainable development strategies are to succeed. We have observed a major shift in our worldview from seeing the environment as resources to be exploited to seeing it as life’s supporting structure that needs our stewardship. The thousands of dedicated professionals ranging from scientists and engineers to businesspeople, lawyers and public servants who are aware of the environmental problems are making outstanding efforts to bring about solutions. It is worth mentioning here the project “Ice Stupa” taken up by Mr. Sonam Wangchuk, Rolex awardee who helps in sustaining water in Cold desert of ladakh.

 Higher education stewards in shaping an ecologically sound society and focusing their talents and training on environmental issues or hazards. Indeed, it’s difficult to think of sustainability without the involvement of professionals who are directed toward promoting solutions and skills in this aspect. Now higher education is viewed as an unalloyed good form of education within the fields of environmental conservation and sustainable development and which should be improved bottom-up and linked to environment needs with clear goals and content for sustainable development.

– Dr. Archana Chaudhary
Associate Professor
Department of Environmental Science

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5th National Moot Court Competition: Wordplay at its Best

SGT University’s Faculty of Law organized 5th National Moot Court Competition on February 7, 2019, which ended on February 9, 2019. Some of the known dignitaries from the world of law were present at the three-day event namely – Hon’ble Justice (Dr.) Bharat Bhushan Prasoon, Former Judge Punjab & Haryana High Court, Chandigarh and Mr. P.K. Malhotra, Former Secretary, Ministry of Law to show the right path to the law aspirants. The event commenced with the welcome speech being delivered by Prof. (Dr.) R H Gorane, Dean -Faculty of Law, SGT University. This moot court competition witnessed the participation of 36 teams from all over the country where 12 teams qualified for quarterfinal round.

On the final day of the event, some of the eminent judges namely – Advocate Vidhi Gupta, Advocate Vinay Pandey, Advocate Sandeep Jindal and Advocate Muish Sharma were present to boost the morale of the participants. Moreover, all these eminent judges were also honored at the event.

Among the 12 teams qualified for the quarterfinal round, only 8 could make through the semifinals. The judges who made the decision for the final round were, Advocate KuljeetRawa, Advocate Divya Jyoti Jaipuriar, and Advocate Jugal Wadhwa.

The final day of the event was also marked with the presence of Honourable Former Chief Justice of India Shree Dipak Misra. In his intriguing speech, he emphasized the importance of such moot courts and stated that one factor that made these moot courts special was interaction with the young blood. In his speech, he also stated that ‘’We need to look for diversity in the country. In other words, we should seek to live in a society where everyone lived in harmony with each other.’’

The speech also highlighted on overcoming the corrupting power of praise and working laboriously. He explicated that ‘Silence can be eloquent and dangerous, so it is important not to be silent in argumentative cases and present one’s point’ which caught everyone’s attention.
The 5th National Moot court was indeed an interactive one. The aspiring lawyers of tomorrow learnt a lesson or two in mooting. It was a tiny, yet substantial, a step taken towards a brighter future and a better society.

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Should live streaming of Supreme Court cases be allowed?

In ancient India, court cases mostly used to be held in the open. However, with the passage of time, in the modern era, cases are held and decided behind closed doors. Of late, a general question has caught the public mind that court cases, specifically, Supreme Court cases should be allowed to see by the junta. In other words, Supreme Court cases should be live streamed. There are factors favoring and against this notion. Let’s do a swot up…..

In cases, of national importance, people, specifically the think tanks are of the view that the public has full right to know the case proceedings. After all, the entire final jurisdiction concerns the public. How can one not involve the public in cases regarding them? This seems unthinkable. For instance, in cases, such as eradication of section 377 of Indian Penal code, or in cases like the entry of women in Sabarimala, live streaming; most people hold the view is, that it should be allowed. Also, why shouldn’t law and judiciary benefit from technology? Live streaming, would be a great move in this direction.

Now, let’s consider the facts against the notion. First and foremost, people argue, that in some cases like those involving heinous crimes or criminal proceedings, live streaming would be an unhealthy choice. The life of people involved in such cases may be put to danger. Also, there is a problem with graphic violence. They may prove gross, and audience, specifically if it involves children should never view them.

The aforesaid sentiments prove, that common sense says, that in this era of the internet and digitalization, live streaming is not a bad option, albeit within the certain restriction. The International Court of justice, certain high courts in Canada and Australia allow it.
The bottom line is, the idea is a novel one and worth a try. At the same time, precaution should also be taken regarding the sensitivity of the cases. Common sense and prudence is the key.

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Musculoskeletal Disorders in Rural Population of Kaliawas, India

India is the fastest growing economic country still health care and its related economy are one of the major concerns.  Rural health care is one of the biggest challenges with 70% population living in rural areas and low- level health facilities. In terms of collective growth of the society as a whole their health status needs to emphasise on various aspects which are: prevalence of diseases and disorders; level of literacy; accessibility, affordability and availability of timely medical intervention can save lives and improve the standard of rural population life style. India accounts for the largest maternity deaths, majority of these are in rural areas where maternal health care is poor.

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are among the most common work related complaint. Musculoskeletal disorders have been reported as one of the most common and important health problems in working populations, generating social and economic implications.

The rural people are still unaware of the MSD due to their work load at the farms and fields. Health education needs to be promoted at community level so that the morbidity associated with MSD will be reduced and the quality of life of rural population improves.

A study has been done by the Faculty of Physiotherapy of SGT University to find prevalence of musculoskeletal problem and associated risk factors on rural population. This study was done by Dr Gurpreet Singh , Assistant professor along with three scholars students on the population of Kaliawas Village. Study was done on 300 participants by filling two Questionnaires viz.; Standardized Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and Self Structured Questionnaire .

According to the study 62% of the participants were diagnosed with MSD. The result also demonstrated that most commonly affected regions were lower back (29%) followed by knee joint (21%) and then the  ankle joint , neck , shoulder , elbow , and wrist are affected. There was an equal percentage of MSD among male and females. A striking finding of this study was 87 % of subjects with MSD were aged below 60 years.

 

Graphical representation of Prevalence of affected area in Kaliawas village

An age wise distribution of musculoskeletal disorders also demonstrated different percentage of MSDs among different age group were: 30-40 (26%); 40-50 (35%), 50-60(27%) and 60-70(12%). Results showed that musculoskeletal disorders were more prevalent in 40-50 age group participants.

In this study it was found that risk factors such as prolonged exertion, awkward posture, twisting, excessive bending, monotonous work, lifting of heavy weight and the exposure to vibration force while driving tractors for long hours, seems to play a major role in the development of MSDs. In this study it was found that 26% of the population had physiotherapy awareness.

There was a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorder among rural population of Kaliawas with men and women equally affected (50%). The most common complaint were low backache followed by osteoarthritis, plantar fasciitis, cervical spondylitis etc. squatting, bending, lifting heavy weight were found the risk factors associated with MSDs.

Therefore, there is a necessity of proper awareness and assessment of MSDs among rural as well as in urban population. As the MSDs also reduces the ability to work. In rural populations due to illiteracy, they preferred home remedies and local bone setter which may worsen their condition.

Dr Gurpreet
Assistant Professor
Faculty of Physiotherapy

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Physiotherapy Education in India

Physiotherapy education varies in different states of India. Universities which run the undergraduate and postgraduate courses in India do not have any universal regulatory body to get affiliated. Some medical colleges/universities run these course under the physiotherapy or allied health department, while others are affiliated with university/ colleges accredited by UGC or state council. There are various state councils which have their own requirements to run the course in their respective states.

However, there is no regulatory body that governs the uniform quality of these courses across India. Indian association of physiotherapy (IAP) offers affiliation to some these courses but its membership is not essential to practice physiotherapy in India. This non-uniformity has lead to a compromise in the quality of education across India and in turn, affects the medical health care provided to the patients.

A study was initiated by scholar students of faculty of Physiotherapy under the guidance of Dr. Mohit Gulati to compare the educational system required to practice as a legal physiotherapist in developed and developing countries with Indian physiotherapy educational system at SGT University Gurugram, Haryana. These countries were India, USA, UK, Canada, Australia, Singapore and New Zealand. Physiotherapy educational system was compared in these countries in the following domains- minimum eligibility course to practice, course accreditation agency and its goals, minimum eligibility criteria for entry in the course and license examination after completing the course in their respective countries. Data for the above domains was collected from the official Physiotherapy councils/ associations websites of their respective countries.

Upon analysis it has been observed that all the countries except India had at least one uniform accreditation agency. Developed countries like UK, Canada and US has more than one accreditation agencies which work in collaboration with each other. Only USA and Canada has license exam where in Canada there is also a practical examination along with theory exam.

Other countries like UK, Australia, New Zealand and Singapore only require candidate to register with their council to practice physiotherapy.

In comparison to these countries, Indian physiotherapy system lacks council and a uniform accreditation agency for undergraduate or postgraduate courses. There is no licenser examination in India upon completion of the course or to practice clinically.

Another aspect of this profession is treatment; it is very difficult to judge for commoners, which clinician to visit due to this disparity in profession. Dr Kirit P Solanki, Member of Parliament (MP) in India, introduced central council of Physiotherapy bill as private member bill in August 2018. Such an ingenious step may build a platform for Physiotherapy to reach a required height, the profession deserves.

TABLE REPRESENTING THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENT TO PRACTICE PHYSIOTHERAPY IN THESE COUNTRIES

S.No. Country Course and Duration Educational Accreditation Course Entry Requirements License
1. India B.P.T (4 and ½ years) Indian Association of Physiotherapy / University grant Comission Higher secondary qualified with 50% in subjects including Physics, chemistry, Biology No exam required to Practice, valid BPT degree required.
2. USA DPT (3-4.5 years) Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE)
  • GPA 3.0- 4.0 Graduate record examination (GRE)
  • 3 LOR
  • Pre-requisite courses
National Physical therapy examination (NPTE)
3. UK M.SC yea Physiotherapy (4 Years) Charted Society of Physiotherapy
  • Good academic record
  • Occupational health screening
  • Disclosure and barring services
  • English proficiency test
Registration with Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC).
4.      Canada M.P.T (2 years) Canadian Council of Physiotherapy
  • B.P.T  (3-4 years)
  • Good GPA
  • GRE
  • English language test
  • Prerequisite courses
Physiotherapy Competency Examination (PCE) Theory + Practical
5. Australia B.P.T (4years)/ B.Sc (3years) + MPT(2 Years) / DPT (3 Years) Australian Physiotherapy Council
  • Good academic background
  • Requisite subjects
  • English Test
  • Police check
  • Working with children check
Registration with Physiotherapist Board of Australia
6. Singapore B.Sc Physiotherapy (3 Years 8 months) Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC)
  • Good pass in two of the following subjects: Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics.
  • General Knowledge
  • Language requirements
Register with the Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC)
7. New Zealand Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPhty) Physiotherapy Board of New Zealand Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act (HPCA Act) requirements Physiotherapy Board of New Zealand

Dr Mohit Gulati(PT)
Assistant Professor
Faculty of Physiotherapy

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Ayurveda- The Eternal Science of Life

As the years pass the scientific community is forced to republish their works on the average life expectancy and other bodily parameters due to health compromising culture of daily life. The incidence rate of morbidity and mortality though has been in tug of war with contemporary practices of health, medicine and research, this havoc of morbidity has been infesting humans since the beginning of mankind. Science of Ayurveda has forecasted the decline in the quality of life thousands of years before. Ayurveda commonly designated as the science of life, has strived all odds against invasions, including the changes in extremist approach from rational to spiritual in terms of diagnosis and intervention. The good old science of Ayurveda is beyond the materialistic science of medicine, where cream of philosophy has been incorporated with time tested science for the understanding of manifest from unmanifest, physiology of human mind and body, anatomy, pathology and its understanding for health management and so on. Ayurveda focuses on maintaining health in a healthy individual and preventing diseases and intervening diseases in an afflicted individual. Ayurveda believes the root cause of disease as abnormal perception of senses coupled with mind, which the contemporary science struggles to find an foot hold through objective parameters. Daily regimen including food and drinks to be consumed, garments to be worn, etc. has been beautifully explained in the initial verses of classical Ayurveda literature. Ayurveda also covers the knowledge of multiple disciplines such as basic principles of Ayurveda, Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Pharmaceutics, knowledge on pharmacokinetics and dynamics, pharmacology, Gynecology & Obstetrics, Surgery, ENT & Supraclavicular disorders, Paediatrics, Panchakarma, General Medicine, Forensics and Toxicology, etc. Apart from this gross division, Ayurveda deals with various interesting concepts and practices, making it a unique science dealing the life. It has been proved through authentic research practices medications and therapies in Ayurveda has been seen very effective in neurological disorders, musculoskeletal disorders, hepatobiliary disorders, integumentary system disorders and so on, that seems to be challenging for the contemporary science. Ayurveda gives immense importance to mind, hence the science is sturdy not just in intervening somatic disorders, but psychocological and psychosomatic disorders are approached successfully with its understanding on Dosha (body humors), Dhatu (tissues), Mala (metabolic waste), etc. This makes Ayurveda as an effective science to tackle health related problems in the 21st century and a future science, where more research works are demanded for revalidating and implementing for the benefit of mankind and science.

Dr Ravindrakumar Arahunsi
Dean, Faculty of Ayurveda
SGT University, Gurugram

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SGT’s Foundation Day Celebrated with Splendour and Show

A journey of a thousand miles starts with a single step…..

Wise men say that all glory; all splendour in life is achieved by the courage to begin. This is how we began, our story unfolded. We are Shree Guru Gobind Singh Tricentenary University also known as SGT University.

 This 24th January 2019 we celebrated our 6th Foundation Day.  It was in the year 2013 that by Act No. 8 of Haryana Private Universities (Amendment) Act, SGT University came into existence. SGT University since then has crossed several bridges and has many miles yet to cover.

 Talking about our 6th Foundation Day, it was an event full of pomp and show. Some important happenings made this day memorable.  The Faculty of Engineering and Technology, for instance, organised a ‘Drone’ flying competition titled ‘War of the Wings’.  This event was one of its first kinds to be organised within SGT premises.  Drones flew high and the whole event was quite a spectacle.  When one of the drones showered flowers on the spectators, everyone rejoiced and shouted in joy. Another drone hoisted the SGT flag. The event altogether was quite a crowd puller.

A Felicitation ceremony was also organised in which schools from Delhi-NCR region were honoured and shown gratitude for their contribution to the field of education and their endeavours in creating scholars. This was a small step of encouragement shown by SGT for their efforts in building a better society and a stronger nation.

The arrival of Dr Jaspal Singh, erstwhile Diplomat and former Vice-Chancellor of Punjabi University, was one of the highlights of the Foundation Day. Dr Jaspal Singh Ji enlightened us with a lecture on the life, times and teachings of Shree Guru Gobind Singh Ji. He delivered an interesting speech in which he recited several couplets of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. He in his speech elaborated how Guru Gobind Singh Ji in spite of several hardships kept fighting for injustice.  He saw his whole family perish for its fight against injustice.  He saw his young kids die for the nation and its people and yet he didn’t diverge from the path of justice and equality of all. In his speech, Dr Jaspal Singh remarked that Guru Gobind Singh Ji was nothing sort of a pioneer and a visionary of sorts for what he said and did were way ahead of his times.  The whole speech was inspirational and Dr Jaspal’s oratory skills made it even more interesting.

 This is how Founder’s Day came to a close and it was an event marked with the flow of thoughts, nurturing of values, and creation of ideas.  SGT hopes to continue the good work and forge on the path of growth and prosperity in the future too.

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