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What’s the Difference Between a Cold, the Flu, and Coronavirus?

Some common manifestations such as fever, cough, cold and body-ache occur when we feel a cold, the flu, and Coronavirus also called COVID-19. How would you know the distinction? Here’s data to assist you with bettering comprehend the symptoms, signs, and medications.

Healthcare specialists note that the novel coronavirus, influenza, and allergies have some particular signs.

  • The main symptom of the novel Coronavirus is fever, tiredness, dry cough, and shortness of breath.
  • This season’s cold virus has side effects like the novel Coronavirus, for example, fever and body ache, yet flu doesn’t cause shortness of breath.

Here we have discussed how Common Cold, flu, and COVID-19 can be distinguished:

Coronavirus or COVID-19

Coronavirus or COVID-19 recently found in people that are spreading rapidly around the world. Four different strains of Coronavirus can generally cause primary flu manifestations (like the common cold). However, COVID-19 can cause severe sickness in specific groups. For instance, older individuals and individuals of any age with extreme health conditions — like lung infection, heart disease, asthma, and diabetes. These diseases appear to be at more danger of developing COVID-19. There’s presently no vaccine or antibody for COVID-19.

Read Also, Questions and Answers On Covid-19

Symptoms of COVID-19 can include:

  • Fever or chills
  • Dry cough
  • Headaches
  • Body-aches
  • Sore throat
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing
  • Tiredness

The seriousness of COVID-19 symptoms occurs from moderate to severe. However, if you have come in close contact with a COVID-19 patient or you’ve made a trip to COVID-19 affected country, all things considered; your manifestations are expected to COVID-19. If your symptoms are mild or moderate, you will probably be directed to remain at home to shield others from sickness and follow the suggested direction for self-care. In case you’ve alluded to a health care Centre, make sure to call ahead and let them know your symptoms before you go in.


While you may feel wretched when you have chills, the symptoms are commonly mild to moderate contrasted with infections like season’s cold. A virus can cause any of these body manifestations:

  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Body-ache
  • Fatigue
  • Sneezing
  • Watery eyes
  • Headaches

A common cold will keep going on generally for 7 to 10 days. Most of the symptoms are not brought about by the disease itself, yet rather our body’s immune system attempting to dispose of it. Most cold infections leave the patient and give their bodies time to battle them. Your immune system is the best guard against the common cold.


Seasonal flu (influenza) can generally appear ahead quick and frantic. It’s a common respiratory disease brought about by an infection that influences your nose, throat, and lungs and can last from 5 to 7 days. Here are some common symptoms of the flu:

  • Fever or chills
  • Sore throat
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Cough
  • Aches and pains
  • Runny or stuffy nose

Unlike Coronavirus, seasonal cold or influenza can be forestalled with a decent method of inoculation. If you have got an influenza shot or this season’s cold virus, your body’s manifestations are commonly milder than if you didn’t get seasonal flu shot. A high number of people with season’s flu get well without clinical treatment. Remain at home and get a lot of rest and liquids and treat a fever with acetaminophen or ibuprofen.

Read Also: Should I Test Coronavirus?

Remember that antibiotics won’t help to cure any viral diseases. Generally, these infections need to run their course, so the best thing we can do is wait and watch. If your viral symptoms get improve, and if after some days manifestations suddenly get worse, you should contact your health care professional who can assess whether you may have a bacterial infection.

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Questions and Answers On Covid-19 or Coronavirus Disease

How long does the COVID-19 infection last?

It is not confirmed how long the virus that causes COVID-19 last on any surface, but through several investigations all over the world, validated that it is like other coronaviruses. Studies suggested that the virus stays on the surface for a few hours or up to several days. The stability of the infection depends on various conditions such as type of surface, temperature or humidity of the environment

In case you suspect that the surface is infected, use simple disinfectant to kill viruses and save yourself and others. To keep you safe, clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or wash them with soap and water. Moreover, avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or nose after touching any surface, doorknob, electric switch or door handle.

How can I prevent the spread of novel coronavirus? 

COVID-19 is a contagion disease, and to protect ourselves and others from this fatal virus. We need to practice personal hygiene and also, keep our surroundings clean. Foremost we need to maintain physical distance to avoid direct contact of person to person. There are some essential preventive measures to follow so that we can save our family and us.

  • Wash your hands for 20 seconds with soap and water following proper steps to clean hands.
  • Use alcohol-based sanitizers when you have not water and soap to clean hands.
  • Do not use hand to sneeze or cough instead you should use your bend elbow
  • Discard tissue immediately after use and dispose of it in the bin
  • Use disinfectants to clean your devices
  • Avoid raw animal products
  • Use mask while traveling in public transport
  • Maintain a proper distance of one meter while person interaction
  • Don’t use cutlery or personal belongings with anyone at the workplace or home
  • Seek medical assistance if you are showing early symptoms

How could I become infected with COVID-19?

COVID-19 can be transmitted from person to person. The transmission can be done through direct and indirect contact.

  • When people are contacting without keeping a distance of six feet or one meter.
  • When an infected person is contacting an unaffected person without taking proper preventive measures.
  • It can be transmitted when the infected person is sneezing or coughing without any taking precautions and leaving respiratory droplets in the air.
  • These droplets can land in the mouth or nose of the contacting person and inhale in the lungs; this process of inhaling can cause COVID-19 to an unaffected person.

Should I worry about COVID-19?

The world is scared and worried because of this unprecedented virus, as there is uncertainty among people about this infection. COVID-19 can be defeated by unity, inner strength, and courage. Also, we can avoid this lethal virus from spreading just by maintaining a physical distance. Socially we need to become united, but we should not come in contact with each other physically.

We all need to follow the guidelines to keep personal hygiene to fight this pandemic. It is only our commitment that can make us win. The time has come when all nations should stand together to register victory over this virus.

Also Read: Should I test Coronavirus?

What is a community spread?

A woman who had not traveled to China and even not exposed to someone who is carrying this virus, this was the first case of community spread appeared in the United States, when a woman had picked this virus from an unknown person. As it is an infectious disease, so she caught this virus with whom she had come into contact.

How to protect me?

We can protect our family when we can protect ourselves from this virus. It is advised and urged that everyone should follow social distancing. It is not only the Govt’s responsibility to obstruct people, but now it also becomes the moral responsibility of every person to stay home to keep us and our society safe. Only social distancing and personal hygiene can protect us from this virus.

Who is at higher risk for severe illness from COVID-19?

Everyone is requested by the govt to stay home and avoid meeting people to protect themselves from this infection. However, certain medically compromised patients need to keep themselves in isolation to stay safe. These are:

Older adults:

People who have attained the age of 65 years or older than that are at higher risk to catch this virus

HIV patients:

People who are HIV positive can get severe illness by this virus as it also depends on your immunity. As we all know that HIV positive patients are already infected and can catch infection faster than other medically unfit people.

Asthma patient

COVID-19 directly affects your respiratory tracts that are nose, throat, and lungs. This attack can cause an asthma attack and can lead to pneumonia or acute respiratory disease.

Pregnant and breastfeeding women:

Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding their babies have to take care of themselves and their infants. As they can get infected through an ill person more than a healthy person.

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Creating a 21st Century School for Teachers and Learners

Yong Zhao has rightly said, “Respect of students’ interests, freedom to explore, faith in students’ ability to achieve something meaningful (rather than underestimation of their ability).” These are some of the most effective terms that can help a teacher and student to create a 21st century school.

Here are some important key points that help you in creating a 21st century school for teachers and learners.

Try to think like an Entrepreneur:

Yong Zhao has advocated an entrepreneurial mindset to become a highly inspiring educator. With this mindset, instructors will be able to design an effective curriculum for students and teachers.

Moreover, it will be easy for them to develop an efficient teacher’s profile and this process will help with their recruitment as well. It will also assist in purchasing resources, marketing, and creating product quality.

Think Big Dream Big:

By designing a Big Dream in your mind and to follow up that dream will also help you to create a space that provides quality learning for students. First Dream then turns it into a vision and a mission to thrive a fascinating culture in your school.

Inspiring passionate teachers:

Try to recruit teachers who have already worked in other areas than teaching so that they can give more innovative ideas. They should be risk-takers and go-getters to bring variety in your school.

Flexible learning Arenas can be created with flexible teachers:

When I watched a movie named Hichki, I find it very interesting that how a teacher can make her students more interactive, enthusiastic, creative and curious to learn new things just by trying new and innovative ideas of teaching. A teacher must be very flexible and creative to make her students more curious and interactive.

To conclude, I want to add that to create a 21st century school for learners and teacher the best way is to simplify the most complex things in your school. It will maintain a positive aura to create a blissful learning environment in your school.

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Should I Test Coronavirus?

Ways to find if you are Corona virus-infected or not; you need to take one out of these five tests.

Coronavirus has already affected people globally. Now, it is also spreading in India without showing any abate sign, unlike other parts of the world. Now the question arising in the minds of people all over, how safe is I, and my family?

Here SGTU has made a small effort to collate the relevant information. It is essential to know which test we need to see if we are affected by this virus or not? This deadly virus has already killed thousands of people all over the world.

Name of the tests that can detect COVID-19

Here is the full information that you need to know how to detect the RNA in blood. COVID-19 or Coronavirus has still no test kit, but when you visit the hospital, several tests can avail results related to this virus. The tests are performed to verify if the person is COVID affected or not.

What happens during a Corona Virus or COVID-19 test?

The lab will collect the following samples from you:

  • A Swab test or Cotton test:

The lab will take a sample from your throat or nose with the help of clean cotton.

  • A Nasal Aspirate:

A saline solution is injected into your nose, and a sample will be suctioned gently

  • A tracheal Aspirate:

A thin and light tube known as a bronchoscope being gently pushed to your lungs, and a sample will be acquired.

  • A Sputum Test:

It is a variation found in your mucus found in your lungs is collected or coughed out from your nose with a cotton swab.

  • A Blood Test:

Variants of samples collected to get evaluated to detect the virus. It can also conduct through a Blanket test for all kinds of Coronaviruses. It can be acquired through a specialized gene sequencing test that is considered as a marker for COVID-19.

When you need a navel coronavirus test?

There are some specific measurements and symptoms to decide either you should go for this test or not:

  • If you have traveled or visited in any corona infection affected areas around the globe
  • In case you have come in contact with such a person who has moved to such areas

Is there any cure or antibiotic for novel Coronavirus or COVID-19?

As of now, there is no antibiotic available in the market to cure this deadly microorganism. Developed countries like America, Japan are testing and trying to make antibiotics for this disease.

We appeal to you to pay attention to small details related to COVID-19 so that you can keep you and your family safe.

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Anticancer Medicinal Plants – SGT University

Among various diseases, cancer has become a big challenge to human beings. The global cancer burden is estimated to have risen to 18.1 million new cases and 9.6 million deaths in 2018. As per world data of cancer one in five-man and one in six women suffering from cancer and one in eight and one in eleven men and women respectively dies from this disease Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men and Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the female.

As per Indian population data, the rate of mortality due to cancer in India is very high. In India cancer is 2nd most common diseased and responsible for maximum death. In India Cancers of the lip and oral cavity (16%) and lungs (8.5%) is very high in male and cancer of the breast (27.7%) and cervix (16.5%) is very high in females. The main causes of cancers among the population may be genetic, mutations, hormonal, poor immune conditions, food habits, industrialization, overgrowth of the population, etc. Many conditions like smoking, alcohol consumption, excess body weight, physical inactivity, poor nutrition also have a risk factor of cancer.

In modern medicine cancer treatment mainly involve Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy have many side effects like Anemia, Loss of Appetite, Constipation, Diarrhea, Fatigue, Edema, Hair loss, Nausea and vomiting sleep problem pain, etc.

Ayurveda’s description of cancer also found in the Ayurvedic textbook under the name of Arbuda and Granthi. Ayurvedic treatment of cancer includes modification of lifestyle and recommendation of specific food and medicinal plant which are very beneficial for cancer patients not only to prevent the disease but also to improve the quality of life. Ayurveda may be helpful in the reduction of side effects of therapy and palliative care. Ayurveda medicinal plant has multiple active components that help in lowering the side effect of Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy. Various herbal plants have been shown to improve appetite, food intake, malnutrition, fatigue and sensation of well-being which could elicit bodyweight gain. These herbs might stimulate the flow of digestive juices, thereby improving digestion and increasing the appetite. Many Ayurvedic medicinal plants like Gunja, Shirisha, Rasona, Kumari Saptaparna, Shatavari, Bramhi, Daruharidr, Aarka, Haridra, Datura, Nimbha, Mahanimbha, Karvire, Tulshi, Kutuki, Sadauspa, Ashwghandha, etc have scientifically evidence for  anticancer properties

Dr. Arvind Kumar
Department of Dravyaguna
Faculty of Indian Medical Sciences

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It’s Time To Go & Grow Organic – Agriculture Science

Organic agriculture is a technique of cultivation in which there is minimum or negligible use of synthetic chemical fertilizers, pesticides and growth regulators or utilization of nutritive crop residues, organic manure (cow dung, farmyard manure, vermicompost, green manures, etc.) and biological control of pests is adopted as a replacement so that the fertility of the soil is maintained for a longer duration and ecological balance is maintained without polluting environment.

Read Also, Horticulture Will Be The Key Development Factor For Jammu

It is evident that population dynamics is increasing not only in India but in the whole world and the food crisis is going up every day. To meet the food demand farmers are injudiciously applying synthetic fertilizers and poisonous pesticides to obtain more yield from a unit area, which is negatively affecting the soil fertility status. Beside degrading soil, excessive use of chemicals in agricultural production has also jeopardized human health, and the environment, leading to the emergence of various diseases and disorders in humans and animals. All these problems can be resolved only by adopting organic cultivation. Before the 1960s, when in India, chemical fertilizers were not very much popular in agriculture, farmers were still producing sufficient food as they used to practice natural ways of farming. Instead of synthetic fertilizers, cow urine and animal origin manures were used, which helped in maintaining the soil health without any harmful effect on the environment. People living in that era had strong immunity which is now somewhat being lost due to change in crop production patterns. In the early 1960s, new high yielding varieties of wheat and rice were introduced, they had a very high demand for nutrients and water, to replenish the need of these varieties farmers started using fertilizers of chemical origin. As a result, today both humans and soil have lost their health and longevity. The average age of humans was above 100 years before, but now it has significantly reduced because of the unavailability of fresh and chemical-free foods. Off-season vegetables and fruits (grown artificially using growth regulators and fertilizers) satisfy people’s hunger but fail to provide the actual nutrition and immunity. Every farmer’s objective is to get higher yields from a unit area with the lowest input cost. But at the same time, we are forgetting the degrading soils, ecological balance, pollution, etc. The situation can be controlled only if realize the importance of organic agriculture promote its use. The government is also promoting organic production of food crops.

Benefits of organic agriculture

  • Organic agriculture improves soil quality and soil remains fertile for a longer duration.
  • Organic cultivation can be done at a comparatively lower cost as only farmyard manure, green manure, farm waste, crop residues, organic pesticides are used which are available at lower prices.
  • Organic cultivation increases the water holding capacity of soils.
  • Organic cultivation helps to check air, water, and soil pollution.
  • It reduces water evaporation from the soil surface which helps in increasing water level.
  • Organic cultivation maintains environmental and ecological balance.
  • Organic farming provides safe, residue-free and chemical-free foods.
  • It also provides an opportunity to export organic products to the international markets.
  • Organic agriculture can effectively manage kitchen waste and produce compost from it.
  • It is a way of living a safe and healthy life without harming the environment.

Components of organic farming

Organic cultivation of crops is possible through the adoption of environment-friendly practices which are known as components of organic farming. These are:

  1. Crop rotation- The cropping pattern is changed after a certain period of time on the same land. It helps in the management of soil fertility, weeds, diseases, and pest problems.
  2. Crop residue- The management of crop residue has become a problem in India as only 50% of the crop residues are used for animal feed, the remaining 50% is being burnt in the field itself. These residues can be used for nutrient recycling in crop fields with a proper application of friendly microorganisms.
  3. Organic manure- These are the nutrient-rich supplements derived from plants, animals or farm wastes. There are two types of organic manure on the basis of nutrient availability i.e. bulky organic manure (FYM, Compost, Green manure) and concentrated organic manure (oilcake, blood meal, bone meal, fishmeal, horn and hoof meal, etc.). FYM is a mixture of well-rotted animal dung, urine and farm waste.
  4. Waste- Industrial and municipal sewage waste can also be used as fertilizer supplements after proper treatment, removal of heavy metals and decomposition.
  5. Biofertilizers- The plants can only absorb those nutrients from the soil which present in available forms. Other complex forms are difficult to be taken up plant roots. Biofertilizers are a culture of one or more beneficial microorganisms that can facilitate nutrient availability by mobilizing nutrients their complex forms present in soils. They are ecofriendly and can increase 10-20% of yields. There are several species of microorganisms such as Azotobacter, Azospirillium, Mycorrhizae, Rhizobium, blue-green algae, etc. which are available in various formulations.
  6. Bio-pesticides- The natural products released from plants as secondary metabolites possessing anti-microbial and pest repellent qualities are known as bio-pesticides. These are basically phenols, terpenoids, and alkaloids. The bio-pesticides are largely appreciated throughout the world as they can be used to reduce chemical pesticide applications.
  7. Vermicompost-The organic manure produced by using earthworms is known as vermicompost. It is very rich in micro and macronutrients, vitamins, microflora and growth promotors. The soil and compost mixture is consumed by earthworms, digested inside, and the excreted material is used as manure.

Read Also, Sustainable Agriculture: A Key Factor in Doubling Farmers’ Income in Budget-2020

Being an agriculture-based economy, a lot of ways to go organic in agriculture are possible in India. Organic agriculture not only produces safe, chemical-free food but also helps in balancing ecology and environment. The cost of production is comparatively less with reduced risk of monitory losses. Though at once all the land can not be converted into organic slowly things need to be changed if we are hoping for a prosperous future.

Dr. Vinita Rajput
Assistant Professor (Horticulture)
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences

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What Should I do After 12th??

After doing high school or 12th class, the main problem of students, and their parents is to do what next? The main question of the students is should we go to for B.Sc., B.Com, BBA, and B.A. as there are a lot of various courses after 12th  that can be pursued, Medical field, Career in medicine, Medical programs, Engineering field, Career in engineering. Engineering disciplines, Career in commerce, Commerce programs .or should we drop a year for preparing NEET, AIEEE entrance exams from reputed coaching centers. Then the search begins which is best dropping a year or continue for studies. Although I also found myself standing between these questions when I was a student. But then I did the workout on these questions and dropped the idea of dropping a year because I can waste my time to do nothing.

Being a medical student (PCB), I choose to do B.Sc. from a deemed university, and I choose B.Sc. Forensic Sciencerather than Biology, Zoology or something else, from SGT University, as it provides placement 100%.

It is true that PCM or PCB subject combination opens up plenty of career opportunities. But, not studying PCM or PCB does not shut down all your career options. But, is your future doomed if you didn’t study PCM, PCB or Science in Class 12?. Finally, we will have a look at the hot career that you can consider without Maths. The answer is Forensic Science.

Forensic Science is the amalgam of all the sciences and its application is used in the legal procedure. As crime is going everywhere now a day, the most highlighted crime is cyber attacking, staking, and pornography, etc. other crimes like robbery, riots, murder, suicide. And the band-aid of these crimes is the forensic Science Expert. The Forensic Science Expert does an investigation and gives expert testimony in the court of law as we all saw in the famous T.V serial C.I.D So after choosing B.Sc. in Forensic science, I started my Journey to become a Forensic Science Expert. Step by step after doing B.Sc. I did M.Sc. in Forensic Science which has various specialization in Biological Sciences, Chemical Sciences and Physical Sciences which include subjects like DNA fingerprinting, Serology, Wildlife Forensic, Toxicology, Questioned Document, Cyber Forensics, Fingerprint impression, Forensic Engineering, Forensic Psychology, Photography, etc, being a medical stream student I choose biological sciences because of my research interest area now I am standing on my feet. So be calm and listen with your mind not your heart because the function of the heart is to pump so choose your career by your mind wisely because it leads to your destiny. S.G.T. University also offered 100+ courses in which you start your study career.

Mr. Vipin Yadav
Faculty of Science
Department of Forensic Science

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Digital Media: Emerging as an Indispensable Tool for Journalism and Communication

“If we all work together there is no telling how we can change the world through the impact of promoting positivity online.” ― Germany Kent

Imagine a day without looking at your phone screen! Difficult to imagine, isn’t it? We are living in a digital era today when being exposed to digital media isn’t a luxury anymore. It has become the need of the hour. Most of the people today are always rushing towards their destinations in both literal and metaphorical senses. The growing technology and paucity of time have led to a boom in the sector of Digital Media.

The world we live in today is populated by digital media products and these products enable us to perform tasks in many industries including even industries that aren’t typically associated with digital media—such as health, government, and education.

digital media and technology

An interactive application helping you with mundane tasks of life, a football game being played using a gaming console, a surgery being done using the skills of a doctor sitting overseas, bill payments being done using just a plastic card, getting minute by minute update of what is happening around you are all part of digital media. The list of such activities can keep on increasing and this is sufficient enough to make us realize the fact that how deeply embedded is ‘Digital Media’ in our lives.

Gone are the days when we used to say that ‘Digital is the future’. Time has arrived when people have started believing in the fact that ‘Digital is here to stay’. With the advent of the internet, Marshall McLuhan said that the world is a Global Village but now with the emerging digital technologies, it is safe to say that now the time is ripe to tap into the career potential of this global village.

The Faculty of Mass Communication and Media Technology at SGT University have envisioned introducing a specialized course in Digital Media from the session 2020-21. As academicians, it is our duty to think about the long term benefit of our students. We already have been teaching them ‘Digital Media’ and ‘Digital Journalism’ as part of their course during BJMC and MJMC but now we plan to offer a full-fledged course i.e. Bachelors in Digital Media for the specialized development of the students in this particular field.

Tanvi Dahiya
Assistant Professor

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