Civil Engineering: Features and Contribution to Society

Civil engineering is perhaps the oldest form of engineering and has been existing since the beginning of civilization. Civil engineering not only helps boost your resume and provides good job prospects, but the person gets to work for the wellbeing and well fare of the society as a whole. Society ceases to exist without civil engineering.

Specializations and career options

Civil engineering offers a variety of specializations and projects. Some of the specializations are construction engineer, structural engineer, geotechnical engineer, and transportation engineer.  Environmental engineering is another discipline of engineering in its own rights.

Civil engineering is an interesting subject for the students pursuing it. They can contribute immensely by getting involved in every stage of an engineering project. Different calculations can be used by them in planning, designing and testing stages. They maintain, repair and upgrade infrastructure, so they are involved in engineering projects in a unique way.

Some of the best universities in Delhi NCR offer these engineering courses. Aspirants can look through them for a lucrative career as engineers.

Salary and job prospects

The salary of a civil engineer varies from company to company. The highest-paid civil engineers work with the federal government. Those working for state governments get a lower salary. The non-residential building construction pays the lowest wages.

Civil engineering is the principal engineering occupation.  It’s the fastest-growing stream of engineering. Opportunities are plentiful such as renewable energy and development of waste management systems. They are involved in construction and up-gradation of airports, roads, buildings, bridges, etc.

Here are some pointers on its advantages:

  1. One can work in govt. or private sector or can start his/her own consultancy.
  2. The houses constructed by civil engineers become a status of their good and honest work.
  3. One gets to interact with a lot of people and this gives them good exposure.
  4. The earning increases with experience.
  5. There is a scope of a lot of creativity.

Civil engineering, the aforesaid paragraph makes it clear is a great stream for those who have a knack of creativity, want to meet new people, enhance their knowledge, get a good job and most of all, contribute to the betterment of the society.

If one wants to pursue the best university for B. Tech in Gurgaon, then one can easily look out for SGT University. SGT University’s Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering offers great scope to aspiring engineers. It boasts of expert faculty, state of the art infrastructure and research-oriented pedagogy. It offers a great opportunity for admission seekers.

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Lest We Forget

December, 2019 marks Sixty-seven years old episode of polluted air that lead to environmental disasters in London which was enveloped by dense fog  for four days, still remembered as Great Smog of 1952, which had taken a toll of more than eight thousand lives. Horrible Smog killed people in their homes as well as in the hospitals. Dead bodies were lying scattered on roads and streets that even burial of bodies became difficult owing to the   scarcity of coffins and flowers. This also reminds US episodes of severe smog especially in New York City that has a history of three killer smog events and visibility was so poor that people abandoned their cars on road side. The United States ranks 10th in air quality with fine particulate pollution especially of PM2 which is a by-product of burning sourced from power plants, car exhaust and wildfires. Particulate matter and other pollution have dramatically decreased over the past 40 years in US, because of regulations like Clean Air Act of 1970, but still seconds to many counties like New Zealand, Canada, Australia and several European countries.

Particulate matter (PM) is also described as aerosol that is in condensed phases dispersed in the air, mostly observed in a lower atmosphere having active role in reaction with other pollutants. Smoke and soot emissions from different sources along with predisposing factors set a conducive condition for fog formation aided by an inversion of entrapped air from vertical flow to increasingly dense layer of smog as a consequence of reaction of solar radiation with airborne pollutants viz oxides of nitrogen and volatile organic compounds. Nitrogen dioxide breaks into nitric oxide and monatomic oxygen by UV radiation. Resultant monatomic oxygen then reacts with oxygen gas to form ozone. The mixture of these primary and secondary pollutants   viz ozone, aldehydes, and peroxyacetyl nitrates, forms photochemical smog. Primary and secondary pollutants in photochemical smog are highly reactive and oxidizing compounds responsible for negative health outcomes especially ozone irritation to lungs besides array of deleterious impact on health. Crop residues burning alone is not responsible for smog but emissions from vehicle and industries also react chemically in the presence of sunlight to form ground-level ozone, or photochemical smog.

Ceasing burning hydrocarbons seems not to happen in near future and emergency measures for cutting road traffic like that in Delhi by adopting “odd and even number” transportation; are of small endeavours with a lesser impact. Actually, our reliance on fossil fuels needs to be directed to have tangible solutions to curtail pollution. Pollution abatement technologies for non-carbon pollution include Titanium Dioxide to curb the emission at source. Ultrafine Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is an important component in many catalytic systems that regulates emissions as is in Euro IV, Euro V and Euro VI. Photocatalytic TiO2 breaks down pollutants in presence of sunlight paves a way for improving air quality. Daan Roosegaarde ,a great innovator , designed smog sucking bicycles primarily and then a Smog-Free Tower; a miraculous vacuum cleaner. Tower sucks in smog by top of the tower in the surrounding area using ionization technology, and releases the filtered air via the six-sided vents with efficient energy system and a capacity to essentially clean more than 30,000 cubic meters of air per hour. The Smog Free Tower was found efficacious in Rotterdam in 2015 and followed by its usage in four Chinese cities, Krakow, Poland etc. China is effectively using these towers. Smog Free Tower is charged with a positive current responsible for emitting positive ion into the air, which in turn gets attached to fine dust particles that are harmful. These dust particles along with the ions are accumulated inside of the tower. This technology differs from regular filter systems that fail to do which otherwise done by capturing ultra-fine smog particles by tower. recycle the same smog into wearable “smog gemstones”. A mechanism involved a collection of carbon particles and condenses these in little dices used in jewellery.

The problem needs to be addressed on threshold before it affects many societal sectors. Abatement strategies with a sound scientific basis to understand a technical and non-technical measure for cost-effective actions needs to be explored.

Prof. (Dr) A K Bhat
Additional Dean
FASC, SGT University

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How to Crack an Interview ?

Interview as a term really sends shivers down the spine and people in general and students especially are scared of the process. This article is aimed at breaking the myths associated with the Interview Process and also provides guidance to students on how to prepare themselves to excel in it.

It is often said by experts that the Interview is all preparation and only preparation, not luck. As a strong votary of the same, I would recommend the aspirants to ensure that they look at the preparation rather seriously.

Preparing for the interview

1.  Personal Questions: First and foremost, I need to be thorough with my personal self. Who am I? 

The question needs a very thorough analysis, and introspection on my personal traits, what really defines me is required. This is not easy and needs reflecting on my behavioral skill-sets and characteristics.

Tip: Try answering questions like who am I as a person? Introvert, extrovert, aggressive, team player, etc.

This segment should also help me understand and put on a piece of paper-what are my likes and dislikes? Interests and hobbies e.g. Do I like traveling? What do I derive out of it? 

The end goal after this preparation or analysis it to be able to describe my self in two lines and that is precisely why an interviewer would ask “Describe Yourself”. All these years of interviewing people as part of the various panels have taught me that people simply walk into a room for an interview without knowing themselves. I asked a very senior HR person why is it important and the answer in one line was “ If you don’t know yourself, how would you manage in a social setting” It clearly elaborates that you would keep searching for an identity for yourself instead of working productively.

Tip: Take a free psychometric test online and it shall highlight your key traits.

Types of questions one can face are:

  • Describe yourself?
  • Tell me something about yourself?
  • What are your strengths and weaknesses?
  • What do you do in your leisure and why?

2. Academic Segment: The questions asked in an interview are with an objective of understanding the basic knowledge of the aspirant. Do I know the subjects I studied? Do I have a thorough understanding of my basic concepts? Did I do only rote learning or do I also understand the practical applications of what I studied is what they want to check? How would I fit in say a manufacturing company like Maruti if I don’t know the basic laws of motion or the composition of metals.? If I am seeking a job in a bank and I cannot understand the balance sheet or a journal entry, what will I do? Why should the company hire me then?

The aspirants are hence advised to do a quick revision of the basic concepts and ideas in relation to the company being interviewed. A very common question asked to aspirants is Which is your favorite subject? Prepare one subject well and be confident about it.

3. Background of the position/company being interviewed for as well as the person taking the interview.

A very common mistake people do is being unaware of the company they are applying to. This is like common sense. Why would I select you if you don’t know anything about me and my operations? It is recommended that you go through the company website and learn the details of the products and services offered. Name of the promoter, key persons, job title and description are also required to be known. Imagine my plight that I go to TCS for an interview and I am unaware of who is the present Chairman of TCS? It only helps the interviewer understand the seriousness as well as the preparedness of the interviewee. Please visit or search on google about the above and you shall get a sense of what the company stands for.

4. Future Goals and Fitment  :Why should I select you? What are your long term/short term goals? 

All such questions requiring an understanding of the future goals and my fitment into the company is critical. The company would need to know three major things- Where do you come from? Where are you today? Where do you want to go? The answers to these questions enable an interviewer to understand the background of the candidate including the personal traits, dialect, basic communication skills and upbringing which actually was instrumental in doing what we do now. Also, it is important to explain the long-term goals in line with why they would align with the company goals. E.g. Born and brought up in Delhi I got enamored by science and hence decided to pursue engineering after my school. I am presently pursuing mechanical from XYZ University and keen to further my career in a manufacturing company. I look forward to joining your company and shall work hard and grow up to take up a leadership role.

So just to summaries, know-thyself, know the subjects (learning attitude), know the company and you shall be successful. 

All the best!
Alok Bansal
SGT University


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Why Celebrations Matter in the Life of a Student?

‘Life is a festival only to the wise’….hence goes the saying. We all would agree that festival and celebrations play a big role in bringing respite to our otherwise monotonous routine. Entertainment and leisure are in fact an essential part of life and without them, it would not be wrong to say, life ceases to exist. Keeping the aforesaid sentiments in mind, SGT University has always believed in bringing juvenility and joy in the life of students through cultural and academic festivals as well as through periodic excursions and trips.

SGT University is renowned for its academic and technical fests such as Aura, Synergy, Symphonious etc. Here, in these events, the students come along with their innovations and ideas. This helps in boosting creative talents of the students. Synergy is a big event where several school and college students across NCR, present their projects. This event carries prize money worth 3 lakh and students showcasing best projects are rewarded for their efforts. Nukkad Nataks, Robo competitions, Drone competitions and Project innovations are some of the competitions that are held in this fest.

Apart from the academic events, various cultural fests are also organised from time to time within the campus. The three major fests worth mentioning are Holi fests, Diwali fest and Basant Utsav. Holi fests and Diwali fests are big affairs where the students showcase their talent on stage. Various competitions are held to commemorate these events, such as Rangoli competitions, Mehandi making competitions, etc. Students dance, sing and perform on the stage on various classical and modern playlists. Skits, and ballets, are enacted and various social issues such as female discrimination, importance of safe Holi, clean and green environment, etc. are addressed through them.

Another cultural event that is equally interesting is Basant Utsav- a flower show. In this, flowers of different species, colors, shape and type are showcased in order to celebrate the onset on Spring season. As the name is evident, this festival is held in the month of March and is organised mainly by the Faculty of Agriculture. SGTians never lead a dull life. For them life is a big festival. As students in SGT University, they realize that work and play, both are important aspects of life and go hand in hand.

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SYNERGY 2019: Hallmark of Talent and Creativity

Synergy – The mega fest of energy and ideas of 20,000 students from more than 300 schools and colleges in Delhi NCR began on October 10, 2019, at SGT University campus, Gurgaon.

The seeds of Synergy were sown in the year 2017 and since then there was no looking back. Synergy, as the name suggests, is an amalgamation of energy and ideas. Young minds use their inventiveness and fervour to create new projects that find solutions to real-life issues. Synergy is fundamental to research innovation and economic vitality and a healthy environment. Most of the innovation is rooted in interdisciplinary efforts.

SYNERGY 2019 rolled out from October 10 to October 12, 2019. Faculties and students from various schools and colleges of Delhi NCR participated in this three-day event. More than 300 schools and colleges participated in this grand fest.  More than 20000 students from different schools and colleges showcased their projects

The projects covered topics ranging from science, technology, arts, law, commerce, etc. Here one got to explore the marvels of engineering and technology. More than 250 stalls were on display. Some of the basic highlights of the event will be Nukkad Nataks, Robotics, Project Innovations, and Drone competition.

Nukkad Natak is where one got to hear the voices from the streets. It is where young minds displayed their performing potential in front of the crowd.  The themes dealt with topics like Beti Bachao, Beti Padao Andolan, Harmful effects of Plastic, Depletion of Groundwater, Awareness about Pollution, etc.  Robotic competition too was quite action-packed. Robo War, Robo race and innovation challenge intrigued the audience.  In project innovation the project’s themes revolved around scientific solutions for different challenges in life.‘War of Wings’ was one of the highlights of the events.

Shri Mukul Kanitkar, National Organizing Secretary from Bhartiya Shikshan Mandal, ‘Shri Harbhajan Singh’, Director General & Corporate Affairs at Honda Motorcycle and Scooter India Pvt. Ltd. , Shri Sudhansh Pant, Joint Secretary from Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare and Shri Dattatreya Hosabale, Sah-Sarakaryavaah (Joint General Secretary) from Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh, graced the occasion as chief guests on the consecutive days of the events.

Synergy 2019 was in true sense the carnival of innovations.

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Synergy 2019 – Amalgamation of Ideas

Synergy, as the name suggests, is an amalgamation of ideas. It is a platform for grassroots innovations and a common meeting ground of multidisciplinary ideas. Here, innovative projects are guided by the common factor of reaching out for the greater common good of the society. 

Synergy festival is where students use their creative ideas to find unconventional solutions to conventional woes that plague us. The projects showcased are feasible and research-oriented. They are an effort to bring into life the innovative thinking of the students in front of the world. The subjects dealt with in these projects cover science, law, environment, and various other contemporary topics.

 The seeds of Synergy 2019 were sown back in the year 2017. Since then, this event has grown up by many folds.  Synergy 2019 is a grand fest where more than 300 schools and colleges will participate. Over 20,000 students from different schools and colleges will visit the campus. It’s nothing sort of a carnival of ideas where innovative projects are showcased on a common platform. 

The synergy tech fest has a cultural aspect. Cultural exhibitions like nukkad nataks, project innovations, robotics, and drone competitions are held. These cultural activities engage the interests of the masses and cast an impression on the audience. The nukkad Natak deals with real-life problems like saving the girl child while project innovation tries to find scientific solutions to real-life situations. Explore the technological world through robotics or get enchanted through the war of wings in the drone competition.

The bottom line is Synergy is more than just a fest, it’s a revolution of ideas. Its endeavors to boost innovation and encourage young minds. SGT University looks forward to this grand fest where students from Delhi NCR accumulate to work in harmony and bring together their efforts to create a better and new world.

Hurry! Register today here

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Panel Discussion on Emerging Privacy Challenges in Cyber World

Sanrachna, The Policy research unit of SGT University held a panel discussion on ‘Emerging Privacy Challenges in Cyber World, at The Indian Law Institute, New Delhi on 25 September 2019.

The distinguished panel was chaired by Hon’ble Justice Shri Talwant Singh Ji with Prof. Upendra Baxi as the Guest of Eminence. Other distinguished members of the panel were Shri Ashok Arora, an eminent legal practitioner, Shri Neeraj Aurora, an eminent cyber law expert, Ms. Aditi Chaturvedi, and Ms. Rhythm Bhardwaj. The event was attended by over 100 students, faculty members, and legal professionals.

Hon’ble Justice Talwant Singh joined Delhi Bar in 1986 and practiced as a litigation lawyer at High Court and District Courts of Delhi till April 2000. His practice areas were Corporate Law, Family Law, Civil, and Criminal Law. He joined Delhi Higher Judicial Service in May 2000 as Additional District & Sessions Judge.

Apart from Judicial work, he has a great passion for use of ICT (Information & Communication Technology) in Courts and has been active in this field for the last more than 18 years and made his humble contribution to computerization of District Courts in Delhi. Recognizing Justice Singh’s interest in ICT, his services were requisitioned by Hon’ble Supreme Court of India as Member-Judicial of E-Committee in the year 2013. This Committee was entrusted with the responsibility to computerize more than 14,000 Courts all over India, which it completed in record time. He was also a member of the Software team responsible for the development of National CIS (Case Information System) for all District Courts in India in collaboration with NIC, Pune. During his address, Justice Talwant Singh shared several milestone judgments in the Data Privacy Space.

Prof. Upendra Baxi enlightened the audience on the need for globalization and the need to act responsibly as far as data is concerned.

Prof. Upendra Baxi was the vice-chancellor of the University of Delhi (1990–1994), prior to which he held the position of professor of law at the same university for 23 years (1973–1996). He has also served as the vice-chancellor of the University of South Gujarat (1982–1985) and since 1996, he has been a professor of law in development at the University of Warwick, United Kingdom.

In 2011, he was awarded the Padmashree, the fourth highest civilian award in India, by the Government of India.

Mr. Ashok Arora, a well-known lawyer and former Secretary of Supreme Court Bar Association (India) is also the author of a number of articles and books. He graduated from Hindu college & later studied law at Campus Law Centre, Delhi University. He has had a career of thirty-eight years. In his impeccable style, Mr. Arora highlighted the need to assume joint ownership if the world seeks privileges of data privacy and protection.

Mr. Neeraj Aurora is an Arbitrator, Lawyer, Writer Analyst, and Strategist on the issues relating to Cyber Law, Cyber Crime, Cyber Forensic, and Cyber Warfare. On account of his blended mixture of his qualifications, training, and roles, he shared deep insight into the field of the cyber domain from the point of view of different stakeholders.

Ms. Rhythm Anand Bhardwaj, Legal Editor for Republic TV shared her experience in several landmark cases related to electronic media. She has a decade’s experience in covering courts, and politics. She has covered ICJ hearings at Hague and extradition hearings at London.

Ms. Aditi Chaturvedi, Counsel at Software Freedom Law Centre emphasized the need to develop clarity on the use of systems that link very sensitive personal data with public and private. Citing the example of Aadhaar, she said that, “while the Act permits the use of Aadhaar only in some cases, we aren’t able to understand where the line will stop”.

It was a rare occasion to hear views of some extraordinary luminaries on emerging data protection and privacy challenges in ever so increasing race to achieve an interconnected world.


By Rajneesh Wadhwa
Dean – Faculty of Engineering & Technology
SGT University

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SGTU and Weather Company Announce ‘Open Data Weather Lab’, for Joint Academic Research and Communications on Weather

Weather impacts every person on the planet and is one of the largest external factors impacting businesses.  Yet many communities, businesses, and research institutions don’t have the tools they need to help prepare and respond to weather events.  As part of the collaboration, SGT University aims to leverage valuable insights from weather data provided by The Weather Company, an IBM Business, and drive research on the impact of weather on streams such as agriculture, engineering, pharmaceuticals, healthcare and others, in addition to facilitating student & faculty learning and providing an incubation platform for startups and corporate.

There is currently an urgent need for inter-disciplinary engagement on issues pertaining to weather and climate change. With the ‘Open Data Weather Lab’, we aim to address these issues through academia-driven efforts by opening up the enterprise-grade weather data from The Weather Company’s Solutions and Data APIs and making it accessible for our research projects. We also intend to invite data scientists to facilitate industry-oriented research work for businesses in private and public sectors under added guidance of IBM.

We at SGT University also believe that the policy support for improving the ability to store and share data on Agriculture is growing. Open data will mean different things to different organizations in the development sector. Some may use it as a resource, contribute to it, or both.

The idea of providing agricultural information freely is not entirely new. Data has been made available in the past by various agencies and research organizations, but the amount of data being generated now is increasing, as is our ability to share it effectively. This is leading to a growing interest in making good use of it.

There’s a global refocusing on agriculture, which is positive and necessary. Open access to data in agriculture is one of the key issues that we consider important if we wish to combat hunger and poverty.

Traditionally, we all tended to do our own work in our own regions and countries and keep our data to ourselves, which has limited us in what we can achieve as a community. The Weather Lab at SGTU aims to significantly change the way we store data and is made available to anyone. Having said that, simply making data available is one dimension of open access; the other is interoperability. This essentially means making data readable by other machines, so that datasets can be aggregated and compared.

As different types of agricultural information become inter operable, insights may follow which could improve yields, climate change resistance, nutritional quality and more.

Within the development sector, involvement in open data may mean different things to different organizations. Some may use it as a resource, contribute to it, or both. There’s also a need for advocacy to keep the momentum up and create more sources of open data.

By Rajneesh Wadhwa
Dean – Faculty of Engineering & Technology
SGT University

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