Best B.Sc. Courses After 12th

Science is one of the most famous streams of study in India and in light of current circumstances when students are seeking job-oriented courses. Not just it is the door to probably the most rewarding and generously compensated vocations in India, for example, Engineers, Doctors, Architects, Scientists, and so forth yet it additionally widens the extent of profession decisions for aspirants.

This can be supposed to be one reason why numerous students favor the science stream even in a day and age when the idea that trade is for non-performing candidates is getting wiped out quickly.

While at one purpose of time Engineering wore the crown for the most mainstream decision for science students, it is quickly moving toward immersion point. These days, science aspirants are not just increasingly inspired by Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) programs, they are likewise looking for confirmation in courses that were in any case however indeed flighty decisions, for example, Arts, Design, Fashion, Animation and so forth.

Along with this, if you are bewildered about which course would be the best to take up after twelfth in Science, read on to acquire knowledge on probably the best routes for science students after twelfth class.

Bachelor of Science (B.Sc)

Probably the most well-known course choice after Engineering and Medical are the Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) programs. Numerous aspirants try to take admission in the best B.Sc universities in India in various fields as there is a high demand for science graduates in the market.

BSc or Bachelor of Science is a 3-year program and aspirants can apply for this course after class 12. Albeit all the major B.Sc. programs are offered in the field of core science, some are accessible for business and commerce students too. In this article, we have secured the most popular BSc courses after class twelfth that are accessible for science candidates.

In this article, you can discover insights regarding what courses can be taken up after twelfth in Science alongside the significant subjects.

B.Sc Admission Eligibility Criteria

To get admission in BSc course I any govt or private university in India, students need to fulfill the following criteria:

Successful completion of class 12th with PCM, PCB, or PCMB, depends on the course specialization that you choose to study.

Students need to secure a minimum of 50% aggregate marks in 10+2 marks. There is a need to read the rules and admission criteria of different universities.

Popular BSc Courses after Class 12th

The following are probably the most famous B.Sc specializations that students settle on after twelfth in Science.

B.Sc. Agriculture


The primary objective of the course is to instruct students in regards to the best agrarian practices. The course likewise includes research for thinking of horticulture techniques for expanding productivity, profitability and yield.

Major Subjects 

Veterinary Science


Home Science



Agriculture (Agronomy)

B.Sc. Nursing


This course is intended to improve basic reasoning aptitudes and prepare to rehearse proficient nursing and maternity care inconsistency with the national wellbeing clinics and centres.

Major Subjects:






Child Health Nursing


B.Sc. Horticulture:


The course manages the study and research of plant development. Students are educated about various plants and strategies for cultivating to improve efficiency.

Major Subjects:

Crop Physiology

Soil Conservation

Pest Management

Agro Informatics

Farm Machinery

Renewable Energy

Water Management

B.Sc. Zoology


The course manages animal science and environmental biology. The point of the course is to get ready students to work in fields like biodiversity prospecting, biological system screening, and so on.

Major Subjects

Environmental Management

Ecosystem Monitoring

Biodiversity Studies

Animal Biotechnology

Animal Bioinformatics

B.Sc. Computer Science


In this course, students find out about computer applications and programming dialects to learn programming improvement and coding. The course plans understudies for different jobs in the IT Industry.

Major Subjects

Website Designing

Software Engineering

Object-Oriented Programming

Computer Organisation


B.Sc. Physics


The point of the course is to teach students in all the fundamental fields of material science including, electromagnetics, optics, mechanics, and hardware.

Major Subjects

Wave and Optics

Statistical Physics


Nuclear Physics

Electromagnetic Theory

Electricity Magnetism

B.Sc. Biotechnology


Being an applied science, this course is accumulated from ecological biotechnology and genetic study. The primary purpose of the course is to prepare students to improve human existence with a significant level of microbial examination.

Major Subjects

Plant Biotechnology

Molecular Biology

Industrial Biotechnology


Cell Biology

Bioenergetics and Biomembranes

B.Sc. Chemistry


In this course, students are instructed about different particles, atoms, and substances. It additionally covers the consolidated investigation of the issue, the idea of vitality, and entropy.

Major Subjects

Inorganic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry

Physical Chemistry

B.Sc. Biochemistry


The course covers the study and research of chemicals and procedures identified with living life forms. This course readies the student for research in the field of Physico-chemical types.

Major Subjects

Molecular Biology

Intermediary Metabolism



Clinical Biochemistry


B.Sc. Mathematics


This course covers the fundamental subjects of arithmetic just as the progressed calculative ideas in the field of applied Science. Students are set up for applied examination and bosses in this field.

Major Subjects

Vector Analysis

Numerical Analysis

Integral Calculus and Trigonometry

Differential Geometry

Differential Equations

Abstract Algebra

To know more about these programs such as eligibility criteria, admission process, and other queries you can visit our official website or contact us through the mail, phone, or social media platforms. 

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Future of Education System Amidst Covid 19

We all are fully aware that due to coronavirus pandemic state government across the country temporarily started shutting down schools and colleges. As per the current situation, there is absolute uncertainty as to when colleges and Universities will fully resume their operations.

Certainly, itis a crucial time for the education sector as various entrance tests and competitive exams are held in this period. No doubt that this will impact passing out of students from current courses and intake of students for fresh batches. Conducting Semester end exams for various courses will be a hectic job for college authorities and well staff while keeping the health concerns of students and professors in mind.

The immediate solution of coronavirus is necessary or if these days pass then closure of colleges and universities will not only have a short-term impact but also far-reaching economical and societal consequences.

Technology will play an important role during this lockdown period like working from home and distance learning as parents will become reluctant to send their wards to universities.

Institute offering teacher training to students will get an opportunity to help trainees to get digitally equipped and tray teaching students through google classrooms, google Meet or WebEx. In India, some private schools can adopt online teaching methods, but potential low income Private and Government schools may not be able to adapt to online teaching methods. This is where tutors can take the opportunity of reaching the masses but for this process to run smoothly the institution will have to bring changes in way subjects like educational technology and ICT are taught in teacher training institutes.

Ms. Ruby Yadav
Asst. Prof.
Faculty of Education

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Approach to a Child with Language Delay

Communication is one of the important developmental domains that help a child to label, explore, and learn new things about him and the environment around. It exposes a child to new stimuli around and helps to build social connections so important for a developing young nervous system. It enables a child to express, understand, and share his joy and convey distress as well. Language and communication is the key towards good scholastic performance as phonological awareness, thought processing and expression are shaped when a child starts remembering and discriminating sounds or using words for describing objects.

Delay in language development can be because of various developmental or psychological disorders e.g. intellectual disability, learning disability, hearing impairment, language disorder, psychosocial deprivation, autism, selective mutism, bilingualism, receptive aphasia, cerebral palsy, etc. Early identification and intervention for these children can have a significant impact on the quality of their lives.

Speech is an act of production of sound. Challenges in speech may manifest in trouble with specific sounds, patterns of words, or intelligibility. Types of speech challenges include articulation or phonological disorders.

Language is the ability to use speech to make others understand what we express and comprehend what others say. The deciphering of the message and its correct delivery is language. A child with language challenges may not use proper sentence construction and grammar (e.g. “I go to the school) or may have trouble deciphering complex sentences or thoughts. The ability to express oneself is called expressive language ability. The ability to decipher and understand language is called receptive language ability.

Communication is the broadest category of them all. Communication not only includes spoken language but also includes many other non-verbal cues, which are essential for interacting and communicating with others. It is common that if a child or adult has proper speech and language, that they still struggle with communication. This could take the form of not understanding sarcasm, gestures, or facial expressions, which are also cues to what someone is trying to communicate to them. Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) often exhibit these characteristics. Speech, writing, art, body, and sign language are all methods of communication.  Because communication is central to the development of a child, the failure of a child to speak by the age of 1year 6 months should be taken seriously. Language problems interfere with a child’s ability to communicate effectively, both in the expression and understanding of ideas. The outcome of such a delay may have widespread consequences ranging from academic to social adjustments.

In children not meeting the expected milestones for speech and language, a comprehensive developmental evaluation is essential, because atypical language development can be a secondary characteristic of other physical and developmental problems that may first manifest as language problems. Types of primary speech and language delay include developmental speech and language delay, expressive language disorder, and receptive language disorder. Secondary speech and language delays are attributable to another condition such as hearing loss, intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder, physical speech problems, or selective mutism. When speech and language delay is suspected, the primary care physician should discuss this concern with the parents and recommend referral to a child development team.

Several studies have shown that children with speech and language problems at two and a half to five years of age have increased difficulty reading in the elementary school years. Children in whom speech and language impairments persist past five and a half years of age have an increased incidence of attention and social difficulties. Children with specific speech and language impairments at seven and a half to 13 years of age have been shown to have impaired writing skills, with marked deficits in spelling and punctuation compared with children with-out speech and language impairments.

It is important for parents to have an understanding of milestones of speech and language so that the delay or deviation of any kind can be determined in early childhood. Normal speech progresses through stages of cooing, babbling, words, and word combinations, whereas normal language progresses through stages of understanding and expressing more complex concepts.

When to refer: When speech and language delay is suspected, the child should be referred to the early childhood developmental center for screening. Based on the screening results the multimodal intervention if needed should be developed by the team of early developmental interventionists. The primary goal of an evaluation should be to rule out cognitive deficits with language delay. Doing away with the myths as boys speak late, with age speech will come, let’s wait for some more time is the need of the hour. As professionals, we need to make discrimination between expression and understanding by going through the age-appropriate milestones. Taking parental concerns seriously and ruling out red flag signs should be a priority.

Management of language disorder is dependent on the type of processing error or expression. If the understanding, which manifests with poor expression, is affected, the focus of the therapies should be comprehension and cognitions. The primary goals of therapy are to teach children strategies for comprehending spoken language and producing appropriate communicative behavior to help parents learn ways of encouraging their children’s communication skills. There is good data available to support the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary intervention, which includes special education and speech-language therapy, particularly for children with a primary expressive language disorder. The effect of speech-language therapy for children with receptive language disorder appears to be much smaller than it is for other groups as the concern is understanding, which results in other associated behavioral problems as well. Hence the multidisciplinary developmental team approach is a must. Parents can effectively administer speech-language therapy, but must first receive training. The response to treatment is more varied when using parent administrators, which suggests that some parents may be more suited for providing therapy than others.

Parent Counseling:

Parents can be counseled that, once a diagnosis is made, there are professionals who can work with the child and parents, and that many times children show a positive response to this intervention. Looking at the increased incidence of developmental disorders like autism, communication disorder, social communication disorder it is advised that a child with presenting complaints of language delay with associated behavioral problems must be referred to a multidisciplinary team of child development consisting of a developmental pediatrician, psychologist, special educator, speech therapist and other allied rehabilitation professionals so that a comprehensive evaluation can be done as early as possible. Research shows that early diagnosis has a better prognosis than late identification and referral.

Imran Mushtaq
Research Scholar
Department of Clinical Psychology
Faculty of Behavioral Sciences
SGT University, Gurugram.

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Goodbye Exam Stress – Causes of Exam Stress

“I swear on the God, next time I will start my preparation, a month prior to exam dates”

Some students are just exam persons – they have no distress getting their heads down to brush up and seem to fly without blinking their eye. But for many others examination can be extremely stressful. Even the word examination may leave them in apprehensions. The exam is stressful but certainly not the worst thing that could happen to you. Parents make it difficult, but friends don’t make it any easier either. To avoid this anxiety, it is crucial that we deal with exams with a clearer mindset.

Signs of exam stress:

Causes of exam stress are:

  • Inadequate or last minute preparation
  • High expectations
  • Pressure from Teachers and Parents
  • A feeling of competition with others
  • Fear of failing
  • Feeling less prepared
  • Self-induced pressure: There is a belief that grows in the minds of the children that they are required to perform well consistently in order to be judged as a good student.
  • Sole bread earner: Not everybody is on the same page when it comes to financial holdings. Students who work part-time and are also studying simultaneously fall prey to this stress.

WAYS TO COMBAT: Do’s &Don’ts

Designate an area for studying: A table is meant for studying. The bed for sleeping. An uncluttered table without your phone, laptop, and other distractions is the right approach. Lying on your bed or on the sofa in front of the TV will not only damage your posture but will hamper concentration too, so find a comfortable table and chair you can work on.

Take Breaks: Breaks are important. There is only that much that you can retain at a stretch. Take a short break every 45 mins. It’s a good idea to leave the room at this time and take a break of 15 mins. During the break avoid watching a TV serial, movie, stay away from gadgets, etc rather than drink water, grab a snack, wash your face, freshen up yourself, take a hot refreshing bath, etc.

Concentration exercises: It’s very important to be focused while you are learning or revising, and to be focused you need much concentration. To keep your concentration upright, you can do small activities like Deep breathing, Striking of all ‘e’ from a paragraph, focus on a single instrument while listening to a song, highlight important points while skimming, use flow charts and mnemonics and other graphic aids to remember better. If you have ever felt that you have forgotten what you learned yesterday, revise on 1-2-7-15-30 these days to make sure this doesn’t happen again.

Right Sleep: Sleepless nights for many can leave you feeling tired and low in energy. Set yourself a definite time to go to bed and stick to it no matter what. Sleep for 7-9 hours.

No caffeine. No smoking. It’s a myth that they help.

Don’t talk about the subject or the paper with your friends while meeting them on the day of the exam. Don’t try to read at the last moment. Once you have the paper, read only the first question. If you know it- perfect, if not move further. Divide your time based on each question.

Give yourself some time to relax before you start to study for the next exam.

Remember: It’s not a race. Don’t look at the supplementary sheets others take. Don’t keep looking at the clock. You don’t need to be the first one to finish. And once the paper is done, it’s finished. So no discussion about the paper and no analysis.

Don’t rely on cheating to get you the marks you want. It will leave you feeling bad and in later life, the information you should have learned could be important. So be honest with yourself.

Aastha Dhingra
Assistant Professor
Department of Clinical Psychology
Faculty of Behavioural Sciences
SGT University, Gurugram

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The Journey Of Becoming A Teacher From Gurus: Teaching Techniques Aiming Intact

Let me know, and it slips my mind. Train me, and I recall. Include me, and I learn.” – This statement has been the DNA of teaching since the beginning of this respectable and noble profession. There has been a ton that has changed in the world; however, the job of the teacher hasn’t changed a lot. A decent teacher turns people, which later outcomes in elevating of families and society. This, in reality, is one of the most noteworthy professions there can be.

The world has delivered probably the best teachers all things considered, who devoted their life towards the upliftment of the societies. Turning the pages of history and unfurling the excellent portrayal of the Education framework, India as the nation of imperishable old stories sacks the conversation. The mentoring framework that is actualized today has started from the belly of the Indian Teaching framework. The primary school was initiated Gurukul, which was viewed as very devout and an ultimate goal to achieve information on Hindu PURANS, VEDAS, UPANISHADS, and specialty of utilizing Weapons. Sages and Maharishis were the guides, who were engaged with giving the virtues and essence of our convention inside the students. If we see a worldwide face of this sort of education framework, names like Socrates, Andrea del Verrocchio, Aristotle, LouAnne Johnson and a lot more will come up who were viewed as the best educators of reasoning, philosophy, values, and qualities.

The present education framework that we have today is pretty much given by the British. With the intrusion of Englishmen in India, because the East India Company required educated work-power, Convent Schools are established, and the Government put resources into these educational organizations. These educational institutions changed the Indian education framework. Time changed, and India got power. A long time passed on; we arrived in the 21st century. The aspect of the mentoring structure changed, the Government made arrangements, and the training framework broke the chains of social marks. There were diverse instructive bodies or sheets for students to select, different classes of schools and some more. Be that as it may, the educator’s job continued as before. Mentors were significantly more qualified and in light of their capacities, students were currently showing signs of improvement esteems alongside astounding education.

These days, we have a few groupings of schools, which take the onus of instructing a kid from the little child days, for example, the Day Care, Playschools and Pre-Nursery. These schools utilize instructors who take the youngsters to an alternate universe of the creative mind. This encourages youthful personalities to explore new things, get hold of their discourse and learning capacities. In the wake of procuring instruction from these schools, youngsters step towards pre-schools and afterward advanced education. A youngster sprouts under the consideration of educators and transforms into a responsible student at more significant levels. During the whole changeability, a teacher is an essential component who develops a person into a unique individual.

The advanced education segment has likewise experienced significant developments. To oblige the expanding request for talented labor in our developing economy, private universities have been set up. These private universities are generally established by industrialists who are knowledgeable with the business patterns, trends, requests, and demands. These colleges are subsidiary by prevalent overseeing bodies like UGC, AICTE, and so forth, which guarantees that quality, keeps an eye on these foundations. Private or Government, all colleges need the extraordinary workforce to make an imprint and to make some ‘genuine’ commitment.

Remembering the changing duties of the education system alongside the significance of keeping the customs unblemished, SGT University has utilized a staff group, which is capable in relevant fields just as reliable in morals. SGTU employs educators from everywhere throughout the world with fluctuated experience levels to ensure that students don’t lose on fundamentals and get changed into worldwide residents.

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Creating a 21st Century School for Teachers and Learners

Yong Zhao has rightly said, “Respect of students’ interests, freedom to explore, faith in students’ ability to achieve something meaningful (rather than underestimation of their ability).” These are some of the most effective terms that can help a teacher and student to create a 21st century school.

Here are some important key points that help you in creating a 21st century school for teachers and learners.

Try to think like an Entrepreneur:

Yong Zhao has advocated an entrepreneurial mindset to become a highly inspiring educator. With this mindset, instructors will be able to design an effective curriculum for students and teachers.

Moreover, it will be easy for them to develop an efficient teacher’s profile and this process will help with their recruitment as well. It will also assist in purchasing resources, marketing, and creating product quality.

Think Big Dream Big:

By designing a Big Dream in your mind and to follow up that dream will also help you to create a space that provides quality learning for students. First Dream then turns it into a vision and a mission to thrive a fascinating culture in your school.

Inspiring passionate teachers:

Try to recruit teachers who have already worked in other areas than teaching so that they can give more innovative ideas. They should be risk-takers and go-getters to bring variety in your school.

Flexible learning Arenas can be created with flexible teachers:

When I watched a movie named Hichki, I find it very interesting that how a teacher can make her students more interactive, enthusiastic, creative and curious to learn new things just by trying new and innovative ideas of teaching. A teacher must be very flexible and creative to make her students more curious and interactive.

To conclude, I want to add that to create a 21st century school for learners and teacher the best way is to simplify the most complex things in your school. It will maintain a positive aura to create a blissful learning environment in your school.

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SGT at It’s Best in the Field of Education and Pedagogical Sciences

SGT (Shree Guru Gobind Singh Tricentenary) University, Gurugram, is committed to attract and support the best students and faculty, who excel at teaching and research. The glorious traditions of the University established throughout the amount of quite 133 years of its long service to the state since its organization square measure supply of inspiration for this generation of University faculty members and students.

By virtue of its history, experience, achievement, and philosophy, the SGT University’s Faculty of Education has a national character and it enjoys an international stature drawing both faculty and students from all over the country and different parts of the globe. Its faculty includes some of the most knowledgeable academicians. It continues to draw in celebrated scholars and students at the campus/field. Over the years, the reputation of the campus has grown to emerge as an institution at the pinnacle in innovative teaching, research, and community outreach.

Faculty of Education at SGT University has been established to train and prepare teachers and educators who will eventually be social transformers. The Faculty of Education offers Bachelor’s and Masters in Education. The Faculty of Education intends to produce opportunities for interactive and participative learning where learners don’t remain passive listeners, however, are groomed as active participants within the teaching-learning process through visits, role-playing, hands-on experiences, case studies, research, projects, discussions on current issues, observations and interactions with the community in multiple socio-cultural environments so that the potential of students may not remain absolute in the absence of meaningful exposure. The Faculty of Education department leads through inculcating core values of Democracy, Leadership, Ethics, Diversity, Freedom and Critical Pedagogy.

The academic institutes on the campus are grouped under different sectors and buildings. The main vision of SGT is striving towards achieving and excellence in teaching, training, and research by promoting the quality and inclusive education compatible with Global standards in the field of education and pedagogical sciences. The best part of the University is that all the departments have their own specialized libraries, laboratories, and the practicing area/ studios.

SGT University empowers students to apply knowledge and desired competencies at UG, PG level and beyond on leading professional life with dignity, develop a positive attitude towards profession and professional ethics. Also, to become a lifelong learner and qualified professionals in the field of Education as a teacher, counselor, content writer, social worker, tutor or entrepreneur.

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Importance of Formal Education in Life

Formal education is one subject that has been the topic of much introspection and controversy for a long period of time. While some people favor it, there are others who consider it unnecessary. In fact, India is home to the best universities in India.

Here we will do a swot up on some of the positive features of formal education and why we think formal education is a necessary part of life. Here are a few pointers:-

  1. One gets to study from a credentialed professor or teacher. When one pursues formal education, one gets to learn from an expert that is from people who are masters in their craft.
  2. A teacher or professor can tell you what is vital. A teacher is a learned lot and knows what should be taught to the students to make him/her a learned person.
  3. A teacher or instructor is in a position to evaluate the work of the student. The instructor knows his subject well and can guide the student in his/her assignment or work.
  4. The instructor can not only assess and evaluate the work of the student, but he/she can also suggest improvements.
  5. One gets a credentialed degree after completing one’s formal education. This enhances one’s qualification and increases the person’s demand in the job market.
  6. Getting a structured formal education makes a person job-ready and makes him get a good job. His future is secure and leads to a bright career.

The conclusion is getting a formal education has a number of plus points. It tends to increase the qualification and can be used to make impressive curriculum vitae. Apart from this, the person employing an individual with formal qualifications knows for sure that the person knows his subject well and can be employed. He/she has the necessary expertise to do a particular job, and this gives the individual a great job, financial security and in turn, a bright future.

If looking for top private Universities in Gurgaon, then do consider SGT University, one of the best private institutions in northern India and specifically in the Delhi NCR region.

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