Physics: Why and how to choose it as a career option?

Physics: Why and how to choose it as a career option?

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Physics is the most important branch of science which concerns with the study of matter, its motion, and description of universal laws related to space, time, and energy. Physics provide us knowledge of nature behaviour with experiment validation and physicists are the ones who examine the different natural laws that govern our universe and apply these laws to explain the behaviour of many more complex systems. Physics find relationships between the fundamental measured quantities such as Newton’s Laws, conservation of energy, special relativity. Physics also search for the understanding of atomic and subatomic particles break down and assemble and how these particles react to collisions with one another and to electromagnetic radiation.

Despite being an academically advanced and technically demanding postgraduate subject area, M.Sc. Physics lends itself to a range of more vocational professions. Employers in all areas will recognize the value of a challenging postgraduate degree in the subject such as Physics. Various industrial and commercial companies include roles that draw on advanced physical science skills. One can work on designing new computer equipment, consumer technology, military hardware, nuclear fission and fusion devices and the development of new material to make devices for the welfare of society. In addition, academic career paths are also available. A Masters in Physics can offer a route into further postgraduate research in these subject areas, with the option to continue on to a PhD and perhaps a role within a university.

M Sc (Physics) is one of the postgraduate courses offered by the Faculty of Physical Sciences. Students who have passed B Sc Non-Medical with Physics, Chemistry and Maths as major subjects securing minimum 50 % marks are eligible to take admission in the M Sc (Physics) course. This is a two-year course divided into four semesters. The Master program in Physics at SGT University offers participants to consolidate their knowledge in advanced theoretical and experimental physics with specialization in Electronics, Condensed matter physics and Nuclear physics. In addition, students can select from a variety of elective courses in physics, or from course programs of other faculties as per UGC guidelines.

In addition to conventional teaching methodology, new and more practical techniques are used in the classroom for effective teaching and learning process. For example student, interactive sessions, teacher seminars, problem-based learning, etc are part of the teaching and learning process. Some guest lectures and industrial/lab visits are also organized by the department so that student can learn what is going on in the outside world. By these visits and guest lecturers, students also get a chance to listen to, discuss and meet some eminent scientists or personalities.

What will I learn in 2 years?

The diverse qualifications of the faculty members and the choice based credit system (CBCS) ensure expertise in all aspect of Physics as well as in various interdisciplinary areas. CBCS provides flexibility in the course with respect to syllabus, internship etc which is relevant to the employability and higher education of the students. The objectives of the program are;

  1. Understanding Basic Principles of Physics: Apply theoretical knowledge of principles and concepts of Physics to understand the underlying physics in respective specializations.
  2. Use of mathematical techniques: Identify, formulate and analyze complex problems using mathematical techniques and interpret mathematical models.
  • Execution of experiments: Introduce advanced ideas and techniques that are applicable in respective fields including the planning and execution of experiments, the analysis and interpretation of experimental results.
  1. Computational Skills: Apply computational and numerical techniques and use advanced software MATLAB
  2. Communication Skills: Develop communication skills, both written and verbal for specialized and non-specialized audiences.
  3. Environment and sustainability: Understand the significance of sustainable development and find solutions which have environment-societal contexts.
  • Ethics: Apply ethical principles during performing their responsibilities.

During their final semester Master thesis, students specialize in a particular field by participating in a cutting-edge research project at the research centre, SGT University or one of the associated research centres. Successful students will have understanding of fundamentals and advancements in nuclear physics, electronics & condensed matter physics and their applications in respective fields such as nuclear reactors, accelerators, medicine, microprocessors, electronic devices, microwave and optical fiber communications, characterization of materials, processing of advanced materials, synthesis of different structured materials along with investigation of physical and electronic properties, photonics, optical properties, magnetic properties, engineering application and uniquely pertinent measurement or analytical techniques. They are also qualified for independent research in physics and will be prepared for a scientific career in research, academia, or industry. Furthermore, they are on the next step towards a PhD study, which generally is a prerequisite for leading positions in economy or industry, or for a later academic career.

Career Options

With a comprehensive knowledge & understanding of concepts in Physics, cognitive skills, practical skills and transferable skills acquired during the program, students with M.Sc. Physics degree can find ample career openings in private as well as in the Government sector. One can look for jobs in research labs such as National Physical Laboratory, Physical Research Laboratory, Solid State Physics Laboratory etc., medical labs, atomic and space organization, meteorology departments, academic institutions & universities, software companies such as Wipro, Infosys, CTS, Tata consultancy services (TCS) etc, technical field, automobile industry and various government-owned Scientific Research and Development Organizations such as Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Defense Research Development Organization (DRDO), Inter Universities Accelerator  Centre  (IUAC), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) etc. and can work as Research Associate,  Research Scientist, Consulting Physicist, Lecturer/professor, Medical physicist, Radiation physicist, Radiologist etc.. Other than these options a Physics graduate has the option even to step ahead for civil services for which one is supposed to have greater probability to clear civil service exams conducted by UPSC. According to the projection made by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), during 2012-2022, jobs for physicists would go up by 10%.

Department of Physics,

Faculty of Physical Sciences,

SGT University, Gurugram-122505

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