Role of Physiotherapy in Women Health Care
Did you understand that there are Physiotherapists who focus on women’s health care? Sadly it’s a nicely kept secret and plenty of women only find out approximately these professional offerings after problems start occurring, after childbirth or after a referral from their doctors.
According to research statistics Indian consensus, almost 48.5% of the total population is females, with 48.1% stays in urban and 48.6% in rural areas. Due to current lifestyle or work-related issues illnesses are increasing in female population leading to a range of complex health issues like Knee arthritis, Back pain, Pregnancy-related complications, Pelvic floor dysfunction, Obesity, PCOD, Injury, Trauma or illness and the most important of all the lifestyle changes associated with the normal physiological process- middle and old age, Menstruation, Menopause, Osteoporosis significantly affects the women’s body at alarming hormonal changes. Most of the women assume that this is a normal process and they should adapt themselves accordingly and continue with their routines as very little can be done. In many instances, that is not the case. Many Government and private organizations have now become active in providing the women health by many awareness programs to rural as well as urban areas.
Physiotherapy defined as a treatment method that focuses on the science of movement and helps people to restore, maintain, and maximize their physical strength, function, motion, and overall well being by addressing various physical issues. Keeping women’s health care in mind Physiotherapy has added another horizon of achievement in its branches by playing a vital role in women’s health care. It has increased its role in health care concerns with females across their life spans and has shown great results in all age groups showing benefits from the various rehabilitation programs.
Women’s Health Care Physiotherapy aims at the assessment and planned therapeutic treatment specific to various health problems affecting women of all age groups, with complete knowledge of the physiological differences and the impact of hormonal changes on their well being. Considering the various health concerns of women are as widespread as the role of women themselves in all phases of life and can include everyone from young athletes to postmenopausal women. Most women can attest that we are just built differently than men. From differences in hormones to the unique stresses from pregnancy, our bodies go through a lot in a lifetime. A physiotherapist understands this and many will be surprised that a physio works with many female related disorders these are;
- Urinary Incontinence
- Pelvic floor dysfunction
- Mensuration related disorders
- Pre and Post pregnancy physiotherapy
- Obesity-related ailments like back pain or knee pain
- Frequent Urination
- Loss of bladder /bowel control when laughing or sneezing
- Weakened core strength
A thorough assessment and well-designed exercise program by a physiotherapist is required to prevent these health issues in women across the life span. Numerous exercises and techniques to treat conditions specific to women like muscle training -improving muscle patterns and Strengthening weak pelvic floor muscles, Exercise therapy helping improve endurance, flexibility strength and mobility, Manual therapy focuses on soft tissue and joints mobility and Electrotherapy modalities like electrical stimulation, Therapeutic ultrasound, etc to reduce pain and stiffness.
Women Physiotherapy Health Care empowers women to recognize how their bodies work and take charge of their well being.”
Dr. Priyanka Rishi
Faculty of Physiotherapy